Employee Housing in the Czech Lands in the Industrial Era (1830–1950): Discourse and Policies, Models and Implementation

Project code
Project type
Standardní projekty
Year of start
Year of completion
Researcher in MÚA
Martin Jemelka
Masarykův ústav a Archiv AV ČR

The objective is to depict the (dis)continuity of housing solutions for employees in the Czech lands in the industrial era (1830–1950), at the level of expert debates of theoreticians and employers and in the form of selected implementations of employee housing and its domestic and foreign models.

Employee housing was a fundamental topic in industrial society. It was already an issue for employers in the pre-industrial era. With the advent of industrialisation, however, this issue became crucial in the context of migration. The degree of industrialisation in the Czech lands corresponds with the intensity of public debate, experimentation and investment in employee housing. Therefore, in the Czech lands we can find dozens of examples of employee housing with different forms of ownership, urban and architectural design, socio-professional groups and socio-political approaches. The project is dedicated to political and expert discussions on the topic of employee housing. It follows strategies for advocating for employee housing in the public and non-government sectors. It studies domestic and foreign models of employee housing. And it seeks a periodisation and typology of employee housing in the Czech lands, in an era defined by the onset of classical industrialisation and the beginning of socialist industrialisation.